Sunday, 17 January 2016

Misrepresenting Ideational Metaphor As An Interaction Of Logical & Experiential Metaphors

Martin (1992: 407):
Logical and experiential metaphors interact as what might be termed ideational metaphors when external conjunctive relations, typically consequential ones, are realised metaphorically.  This interaction produces a high level of abstraction in text, making it inaccessible to large sections of the community.  A good example of this process is found in [6:23k].  There, two experiential metaphors, the enlargement of Australia's steel–making capacity and the demands of war are causally connected by the logical metaphor owed.
[6:23k] The enlargement of Australia’s steel-making capacity, and of chemicals, rubber, metal goods and motor vehicles all owed something to the demands of war
Recoded congruently as a clause complex, this clause translates as follows:
[6:24] a. alpha Australia could make more steel, chemicals, rubber, metal goods and motor vehicles

b. beta partly because (people) demanded them

c. gamma
to fight the war.

Blogger Comments:

[1] In SFL theory, ideational metaphor is not the interaction of experiential and logical metaphors. Ideational metaphor occurs, for example, when
  • a semantic sequence is realised grammatically by something other than a clause complex,
  • a semantic figure is realised grammatically by something other than a clause,
  • a semantic element is realised by something other than its congruent group/phrase (e.g. process as nominal group instead of verbal group, relator as verbal group instead of conjunction group).
See Halliday & Matthiessen (1999: 227ff).


[2] The text does not exemplify the interaction of experiential and logical metaphors.  From a semantic perspective, it exemplifies the general tendency in ideational metaphor to move from the logical to experiential being–&–having.  Halliday & Matthiessen (1999: 293):
… the general tendency in the metaphorical move away from the congruent is away from the logical towards the experiential; and within the experiential towards the domain of participants in figures of being & having.

[3] As the congruent rendering (almost) demonstrates, the metaphorical grammatical realisation is a consequence of a semantic figure being realised by (all of) a nominal group.

congruent: figure as clause
Australia
produced
more steel, chemicals, rubber, metal goods and motor vehicles
Actor
Process: material
Goal

metaphorical: figure as nominal group
The
enlargement
[of Australia’s steel-making capacity, and of chemicals, rubber, metal goods and motor vehicles]
Deictic
Thing
Qualifier

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